Today while trawling the web I stumbled on this promo for an early MMO from 1986 called Habitat. Produced by Lucasfilm Games in collaboration with online service provider Quantum Link the game provided for real-time interaction between Commodore 64 users via dial-up modem. The advert repeatedly assures potential players of the possibilities for fast paced ‘drama and adventure’, but its hard to get that sense from the in game footage. The appeal of the game likely had more to do with the novelty of synchronous interaction between players in a persistent and graphically represented online environment. To that point online MUDs had tended to be text based.
I love the way the players’ interactions are presented in the video. Combined with the jaunty music and voice over they seem jarringly innocent. At the same time the implications of their interactions weirdly presage the tensions and less comfortable aspects of online interaction today. While stealing another avatar’s head is totally fair game [IT TOTALLY IS!], the suggestion that an armed robbery in the game might be averted by a trip to the sauna…from the perspective of a critical reading there’s a lot going on there. I believe today’s augmented audiences are a little less naive.
The game and its advert are wonderful artefacts from the perspective of media archeology, not only insofar as the game is a precursor to today’s MMOs, but also as it relates to the wider context of early developments in online communities, virtual environments and social media. The Museum of Art and Digital Entertainment (MADE) have obtained the original source code from Lucasfilm Games in an attempt to preserve and restore the game in working condition. The code is available on GitHub here.
Both the advert and the game provide wonderful artefacts for critical reading and media archeologies. The Museum of Art and Digital Entertainment (MADE) have obtained the original source code from Lucasfilm Games in an attempt to preserve and restore the game in working condition. The code is available on GitHub here.